Hanging At Tihar: From Maqbool Butt to Afzal Guru

Editor’s Desk: On February 11, 1984, a dreaded terrorist and co-founder of the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), Maqbool Butt was secretly hanged inside Tihar Jail in New Delhi on charges of killing an Indian intelligence officer. Exactly 29 years later, 2001 Parliament Attack convict Afzal Guru was hanged inside the same jail premises on February 9. What could be the similarity? Both hangings incited anti-India passions in the Kashmir Valley.

The hanging of Maqbool Butt in 1984, is believed to have ignited emotional outburst in Kashmir, which led to the surge of militancy in the valley in the years to come. Even the JKLF militants led by Yasin Malik declared armed struggle against India and persuaded others to take up arms just five years after Butt’s hanging. Although later the JKLF gave up arms and has been “peacefully” working towards its goal of “liberating” Kashmir, its leaders are secretly or openly hobnobbing with the terrorists across the border.

Now, comes the bigger question. Will the valley yet again see a surge in militant activities following the secret hanging of Afzal Guru inside Tihar jail. When Yasin Malik sat on a fast to protest Guru’s hanging in Islamabad, the message was loud and clear. There is a need for caution. Malik was joined by India’s most wanted terrorist, Hafiz Saeed. Do we still need further evidence to reach the conclusion that things are going to tough and complex in Jammu & Kashmir in future?

Separatists in Jammu & Kashmir have been demanding the mortal remains of Maqbool Butt for the last 29 years. They hold a protest march on his death anniversary every year and reiterate their demand, while slamming the Indian establishment. Now, a new chapter would be added to this saga with the demands for Afzal Guru’s remains. The situation was different in 1984. But, in 2013, the government may have to face strong pressure from the media, political parties and rights groups to return Afzal Guru’s body to the family, which it cannot afford.

In 1984, it was feared that Maqbool Butt’s grave would become a martyr’s place if the remains are given to his family or kin. The same thought and logic still exist in 2013. Can India accede to the demands of Guru’s family and friends. Jammu & Kashmir CM Omar Abdullah and PDP leader Mehbooba Mufti have added to the woes of the government with the demand that Afzal Guru’s body be handed over to his family. Even JD(U) leader Sharad Yadav has echoed the same voice. Many more political parties and organisations are expected to follow suit. In this situation, it would become highly intricate for the government to take decision that would satisfy all.

Questions have already been raised in the manner Afzal Guru was hanged without proper communication either to him or his family members. The government was accused of playing a brutal joke on the family by delivering Guru’s death warrant to the family two days after his hanging. Blame it on Speed Post or the government officials, the separatists and hardliners now have a point to make their stand vindicated. The situation is so delicate and complex that any government would find itself in a Catch-20 situation while dealing with it.

Afzal Guru was sent to the gallows for the sin he had committed. He definitely deserved no mercy and our President should be hailed for rejecting his mercy petition. The government and judiciary must be appreciated for this bold decision. However, it’s high time the government offer something good to the Kashmiris so that they should not feel alienated from the Indian mainstream.

The focus should be shifted to Kashmiri Youth with more employment opportunities and Omar Abdullah has a role to play here. Instead of blaming the government to escape the wrath of the people, he should focus more on development of the state and work in tandem with the Centre to take things forward. We should leave no stones unturned in making the Kashmiris believe that we support peace and development and they are safe and secure under the Indian rule, while sending a tough message to the terrorists.



Leave a Reply

000-017   000-080   000-089   000-104   000-105   000-106   070-461   100-101   100-105  , 100-105  , 101   101-400   102-400   1V0-601   1Y0-201   1Z0-051   1Z0-060   1Z0-061   1Z0-144   1z0-434   1Z0-803   1Z0-804   1z0-808   200-101   200-120   200-125  , 200-125  , 200-310   200-355   210-060   210-065   210-260   220-801   220-802   220-901   220-902   2V0-620   2V0-621   2V0-621D   300-070   300-075   300-101   300-115   300-135   3002   300-206   300-208   300-209   300-320   350-001   350-018   350-029   350-030   350-050   350-060   350-080   352-001   400-051   400-101   400-201   500-260   640-692   640-911   640-916   642-732   642-999   700-501   70-177   70-178   70-243   70-246   70-270   70-346   70-347   70-410   70-411   70-412   70-413   70-417   70-461   70-462   70-463   70-480   70-483   70-486   70-487   70-488   70-532   70-533   70-534   70-980   74-678   810-403   9A0-385   9L0-012   9L0-066   ADM-201   AWS-SYSOPS   C_TFIN52_66   c2010-652   c2010-657   CAP   CAS-002   CCA-500   CISM   CISSP   CRISC   EX200   EX300   HP0-S42   ICBB   ICGB   ITILFND   JK0-022   JN0-102   JN0-360   LX0-103   LX0-104   M70-101   MB2-704   MB2-707   MB5-705   MB6-703   N10-006   NS0-157   NSE4   OG0-091   OG0-093   PEGACPBA71V1   PMP   PR000041   SSCP   SY0-401   VCP550  100-105  , 70-486   c2010-657   70-178   OG0-091   70-178   JN0-360   ICBB   1z0-808   300-075   200-125  , 70-346   000-017   JN0-360   350-050   1Z0-061   220-901   700-501   640-911   101-400   220-901   350-030   ITILFND   400-201   220-801   70-488   210-065   HP0-S42   350-080   102-400   70-417   70-270   3002   640-692   1Y0-201   AWS-SYSOPS   2V0-621   000-089   200-101   70-533   70-488   CAP   210-260   300-070   102-400   70-980   70-346   102-400   300-209   SY0-401